In this article, mountaineering is seen as a heroic journey to self-knowledge, authenticity and, ultimately, wisdom; the ability to comprehend and reclaim the world we live in; and the need for transformation.
Each historical epoch needs a new hero and ordinary people who will follow the uncharted space after it is conquered by the hero. Since the first ascent of Everest on 29 May 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norga Sherpa; hundreds of people follow in their footsteps every year. After successfully climbing Everest, the man Tenzing became a national hero of India, Nepal and Tibet. Sir Edmund Hillary – a beekeeper with a hatched face from Auckland, New York – was knighted by queen Victoria on June 2, 1953, the day of his coronation.
The deep-seated impact of this successful first ascent can be equated with the first moon landing, and the celebration of Tenzing and Sir Hillary instilled a deep sense of heroism in the culture of Everest expeditions. While Campbell’s hero is favouring the community, Sir Edmund Hillary has brought something back to the Himalayas, leading numerous development programs, including schools, clinics, runways and bridges. Climbers rely on physical strength to overcome obstacles, and thus for centuries have become a heroic figure around the world.
Overcoming difficulties and obstacles, the hero returns to society with a renewed sense of energy and usefulness. This study examines the stories of climbers climbing Everest, such as John Krakauer, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a sherpa based on Campbell’s re-entry into the initiation of the separation of monomific structures. The proposed study will seek to explore the heroic journey as a process of consciousness transformation, exploring the revelations of climbers with their eternal actions in the expedition to Everest.
Usually the hero is perceived as strong, intelligent, beautiful and brave. The definition of heroism changes with time and cultures, and the heroes of the past are not necessarily heroes of the present, and vice versa. In Campbellian Monomyth, the hero embarks on a ritual adventure quest:
A modern hero, a modern man who answers the call and seeks the house of the presence with which our destiny must be reconciled, cannot and should not wait until his community gets rid of the horror of his pride and fear. rationalized greed and consecrated misunderstanding. It’s not the company that should rule and save the creative hero, it’s just the opposite. And so each of us passes the highest test – the carrying of the Cross of the Redeemer – not in the bright moments of the great victories of our tribe, but in the silence of our personal despair. (Campbell, 362)
Joseph Campbell presents the hero’s stories from various cultural institutions in “Hero of a Thousand Faces.” Gathering together the mythological hero and the hero of the story, Campbell marks the hero of the real world and his many manifestations.