Mount Everest is not just the highest mountain in the world. The snow-capped rocky peak continues to grow by a third of an inch, moving 3 inches northeast for the year. How cool is that? Here are some more interesting facts about his colossal situation in the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and Tibet.
- The Tibetan name is Jomolangma, which means “Mother of Snow,” while Nepalese call her Sagarmatha, which means “Mother of the Universe.” The English name was first used by the British, taking it on behalf of Inspector General George Everest.
- Since it is the border between Nepal and China, the height of the mountain is indicated in different sizes. China estimates it at 29,015 feet and Nepal at 29,028 feet. Using GPS technology, it measured 29,035 feet in 1999. If it was the right calculation, Nepal won.
- The first attempt to rise to the top was made in 1921 by a British reconnaissance expedition. But because the team’s name was royal, the men burst into tears, reaching 22,982 feet.
- Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay will be the first to go to Everest. The two met in a previous failed attempt led by another team when Tenzing prevented Hillary from falling into a ravine. The two spent 15 minutes on top. For this work, Hillary was knighted, and Tenzing received the St. George Medal from the queen Elizabeth.
Another interesting feature of the mountain – it’s the locals. Nepalis living at the foot of Everest are called Sherpa people. Sherpa is also used as a surname. Their name is usually the Nepalese equivalent of the days of the week, depending on a person’s birthday. Sherpas are hired to transport tents and other necessary climbing equipment.
- The average time it takes to reach the summit of Everest is two months. Climbers must stop and camp so that their bodies can adjust to high altitude, as oxygen on Mount Everest is diluted by 66%. Oxygen in cylinders is very useful, but it also increases the weight of their packaging.
- The costumes that climbers wear on Everest are filled with goose feathers. They have sharp-nosed shoes called cats, and they use ice axes to stop falling. The full weight of their clothing and climbing gear, as well as the grueling climb can cause a climber to burn up to 10,000 calories a day and lose up to 20 pounds of body weight.